Trademarks | Japan | Goods & Services Listed in the Examination Guideline , Version 2017]

What is the Examination Guidelines for Similar Goods & Services?

The Examination Guidelines for Similar Goods & Services were made for mainly the following purposes:

  1. Showing examples of acceptable descriptions of goods and services in each of 1 to 45 classes under the Nice Classification;
  2. Showing relations for similarity of goods or services.

How to Use the Guidelines

  • The descriptions of goods and services listed in the guidelines shall be accepted by the Japan Patent Office (JPO).   Descriptions of goods and services other than those listed in the guidelines can also be accepted if they are enough clear and concrete to be classified.   The guidelines can also be used to anticipate whether non-listed descriptions of goods or services would be accepted.
  • The “similar group code”, which consists of 5-digit letters and is allotted to each goods and services, indicates similarity of goods or services.   The goods or services fallen in the same “similar group code” shall be presumed as similar to each other by the JPO.   However, we should note that it does not determine but just “presume” the similarity of the goods or services.   That’s why the presumed similarity can be denied by proving they are dissimilar actually.
  • The guidelines show acceptable broad indications of goods and services and more specific items interpreted to be included in each of the broad indications.   As the specific items which such broad indications can cover should differ depending on the country, the person who is about to file a trademark application in Japan needs to learn the guidelines.

List of Goods & Services in the Examination Guidelines for Similar Goods & Services

Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Class 5
Class 6 Class 7 Class 8 Class 9 Class 10
Class 11 Class 12 Class 13 Class 14 Class 15
Class 16 Class 17 Class 18 Class 19 Class 20
Class 21 Class 22 Class 23 Class 24 Class 25
Class 26 Class 27 Class 28 Class 29 Class 30
Class 31 Class 32 Class 33 Class 34 Class 35
Class 36 Class 37 Class 38 Class 39 Class 40
Class 41 Class 42 Class 43 Class 44 Class 45


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